THE ORTON-GILLINGHAM APPROACH
"The Orton-Gillingham Approach is a direct and explicit way to teach literacy when reading, writing, and spelling does not come easily to individuals, such as those with dyslexia. It is most properly understood and practiced as an approach, not a method, program, or system. In the hands of a well-trained and experienced instructor, it is a powerful tool of exceptional breadth, depth, and flexibility."
-Academy of Orton Gillingham Pratitioners and Educators
A multi-sensory approach implies that students learn best when information is presented in different modalities. The belief is that students learn a new concept best when it is taught using the four modalities. A multisensory approach is one that integrates sensory activities. The students see, hear, and touch. "Activities such as tracing, hearing, writing, and seeing represent the four modalities" (Murphy, p. 1). For example, to teach spelling Graham and Freeman (1986) use a strategy that incorporates the four modalities (Murphy). Students say the word, write the word, check the word, trace the word, write the word from memory and check, and then repeat the entire process (Murphy). In essence, a multisensory approach incorporates the learning styles for visual, auditory, kinesthetic, and tactile learners.
Structured Literacy instruction is the umbrella term used by the International Dyslexia Association (IDA) to unify and encompass evidence-based programs and approaches that are aligned to the Knowledge and Practice Standards and are effective for students identified with SLD/Dyslexia (most commonly known as Orton-Gillingham or Multisensory Structured Language). This approach is beneficial for all children learning to read but is essential for students with SLD/Dyslexia.
Wilson Language features research-based, systematic, and multi-sensory structured language curricula to help every student succeed. Students learn to read step-by-step, starting with the basic structure and rules of our language, then building to more advanced lessons over time. We have seen our programs transform students’ lives by giving them the tools to read and write, building confidence, and empowering them to achieve their dreams.